FOR YOUR NEW TATTOO
When you make the investment get tattooed, aftercare is the most important step in making sure you’re as happy with your new tattoo as the moment when you first saw it in the mirror. Here’s how to care for your tattoo after you leave the studio:
A tattoo is a permanent work of art. It is also a type of wound. Tattoo aftercare is an important part of preserving a tattoo. Proper aftercare in the first 3-4 weeks after getting a tattoo can help prevent an infection and keep the tattoo looking as good as the moment when you first saw it in the mirror.
DAY 1: WHEN YOU GET HOME
After your tattoo is finished, your artist will apply ointment then wrap your tattoo. This covering protects the open skin from bacteria, sunlight, and from rubbing against clothing. Remove the bandage after 3 hours and perform the following wash procedure:
1. Run your tattoo under warm water in shower or under tap. Slowly turn the water to as hot as you can stand and keep it there for 15-20 seconds.
2. Quickly turn the temperature to cold and allow water run over your tattoo for 15-30 seconds.
This process helps flush out pores from dried blood and pigment that is hard to see. It then tightens pores to promote less peeling and a shorter healing period.
3. Run the warm water again and wash the area with antibacterial soap. Never use any scented soaps on your tattoo.
4. Blot dry with a clean paper towel and let air dry for 5-10 minutes.
Next, apply a very thin layer of A&D Ointment. Massage gently into the tattoo so that it looks shiny, not goopy. Blot off any excess ointment from skin with a clean paper towel. Don’t bandage it again. Leave it uncovered so that your skin can breathe.
Wear clean lose fitting, clothing. Sleep only on freshly washed and dried sheets. Keep all pets from sleeping on the bed for at least the first week of healing. If your tattoo sticks to your clothing or sheets, get the fabric wet before pulling it off otherwise you could damage your tattoo.
We recommend taking 500-1,000 mg Vitamin C to help your skin’s healing process. Other good supplements to take are: Vitamin A (10,000-25,000 IU), Zinc (15-30 mg), and Bromelain (500-1,000 mg).
FIRST 3-5 DAYS
Wash and apply A&D ointment 6-8 times daily for:
· Black & Gray tattoos: 3-4 days
· Full Color tattoos: 4-5 days (color tattoos have more ink, so they take longer to heal)
For the first couple of days, the tattooed skin may feel warm to the touch and have a reddish appearance. The tattoo will look less vibrant as the healing process continues. Any redness or mild swelling usually goes away near the end of the first week.
Working out or doing any activity that stresses newly tattooed skin should be avoided or limited until healed. Don’t work out for the first few days. Sweat, which carries bacteria, can cause infection. Clean immediately after strenuous activity. And watch out, gym equipment is full of germs.
A person can continue using the washing technique above throughout the first week and then as needed. How often washing is necessary will vary depending on a person's activity levels and environment.
After the last day of A&D ointment, begin using an unscented, hypoallergenic lotion in its place. Good choices are Lubriderm, or Aquaphor. If you react to any lotion or ointment immediately clean the skin and try a different lotion, cream, or balm. If you prefer to use a natural product, you can use Coconut oil, Shea Butter, or Cocoa butter, just make sure it’s organic, virgin, and unrefined. Avoid products with scented essential oils.
Use lotion for three weeks or for as long as skin is still dry and flaky. Your tattoo will probably begin to peel and itch 3-6 days after the procedure. Scabs will often form in the first few days, and ink may still come up through the skin and need to be washed away. It is important not to pick the scabs or scratch the skin.
The skin is likely to feel very itchy during this week. Don’t scratch it! Additional moisturizer may help relieve the itch. Using a moisturizer that is kept in the refrigerator may also soothe itchy or irritated skin. You may smack the tattoo to relieve itching and/or take Benadryl. Use a warm/hot wet compress for 15-30 minutes to rehydrate the tattoo and make comfortable. Let air dry before applying fresh lotion.Around the beginning of the second week, the scabs will start to flake off. It is important to be especially gentle with washing and moisturizing during this week, as it is easy to tear away scabs and damage the tattoo.
A person should avoid submerging the tattoo in water or getting the tattoo wet during the first 3–6 weeks, except for when washing it.
Keep tattoo out of direct sunlight for two weeks. Do not soak your tattoo. No hot tubs or baths for three weeks… showers only. You may shower as soon as you remove the initial bandage. Do not shave the area for 2-3 weeks. Keep others from touching your tattoo. If someone accidentally touches or bumps into your new tattoo, quickly clean the area and start over with fresh lotion.
Designate all/any lotions and ointments for your tattoo only. Do not share with others or risk cross contamination. Always pat your tattoo dry with a clean paper towel and throw it away, using bathroom towels almost guarantees cross contamination.
If area was shaved before the tattoo was done, watch for in-grown hairs. If a follicle becomes inflamed, you may spot treat with a triple antibiotic ointment like Neosporin. Only use it on the irritated area, not the entire tattoo for 2-3 days. Antibiotic ointments can cause the tattoo pigment to fade.
The outer layers of skin should completely heal by the end of week three. The inner layers of skin can take longer to heal but require much less care. The chance of infection is reduced once the outer layers of skin have healed, as there is no open wound for bacteria to infect.
The final stage of healing can be slow but requires patience. Most of the larger scabs will have flaked and fallen away by now. Small scabs and bits of dead skin may appear, but these will also clear up as the healing process continues. Scabs and flaking skin can cause the area to look dry and dull. Applying moisturizer, and protecting the tattoo from the sun, will help with these issues.
Moisturizing regularly in the months following the tattoo will help keep it looking bright and clear. Protecting the tattoo from the sun with clothing while it is healing, and applying sunscreen after it has healed, is especially important in the first few months. Tattoos always need to be protected from the sun. We recommend using a mineral sunscreen with 30 SPF.
Ink rejection or allergy
At any stage in the healing process, the body may reject an ink color. If the body is allergic to an ink, a raised and painful rash may form on the skin. Ink allergies may occur because tattoo ink colors contain many different substances. For example, the black ink contains carbon and the red ink contains mercury sulfide. Anyone experiencing a rash on or around a tattoo should visit a doctor, who can identify and treat the rash. The person may also wish to contact their tattoo artist.